This comprehensive travel guide will lead you through Moscow far beyond its postcard attractions

Political leaders and military commanders

Visiting the Russia’s Rulers Alley in the front garden of the Military Uniform Museum is a good opportunity to trace the history of the country, though the artistic value of the sculptures there is not impressive. The exposition starts from Rurik, a Viking chieftain who, according to chronicles, established Kievan Rus in the late 9th century and whose successors ruled Russia until the 16th century. The latest character in the line so far is Boris Yeltsin, the president of Russia from 1991 to 1999. The alley also hosts a separate monument to Ivan the Terrible, a controversial character of the Russian history.

4 Petroverigskiy Pereulok, metro Kitay-Gorod, (line 6, orange, line 7, purple.)

The monument to Prince Vladimir the Great on Borovitskaya Square was unveiled in 2016. In late 10th - early 11th centuries, Vladimir was the grand prince of Kiev, then the political centre of Ancient, or Kievan Rus. The Russians praise him as the man who Christianised his subjects. Some people say the monument symbolises a “strong-hand” ruler and demonstrates respect to the current Russian president Vladimir Putin rather than to his namesake.

Metro Metro Alexandrovsky Sad (line 4, light blue,) Biblioteka Imeni Lenina (line 1, red,) or Borovitskaya (line 9, grey.)

The monument to Prince Vladimir the GreatSome people say this monument commemorates the current Russian president Vladimir Putin rather than his Medieval namesake.

The equestrian statue on the Tverskaya Square is the monument to Yuri Dolgoruki (the Long-Handed), the Prince of Kiev, who in 1147 “launched a great party” for his friends and allies on the Moskva River bank, according to a chronicle. This date is celebrated as Moscow’s birthday and the Prince is believed to be its founder.

Metero Okhotny Ryad (line 1, red,) Tverskaya (line 2, green,) or Pushkinskaya (line 7, purple) or Chekhovskaya (line 9, grey.)

The monument to Citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky in front of St. Basil’s Cathedral on Red Square commemorates the two commanders of the people in arms who liberated Moscow from invaders in 1612. That victory paved the way to revival of Russia after the Time of Troubles – the interregnum between the death of the last tsar of the Rurik Dynasty in 1598 and the establishment of the Romanov Dynasty in 1613.

Metro Okhotny Ryad (line 1, red,) Teatralnaya (line 2, green) or Ploshchad Revolyutsii (line 3, navy blue.)

The nearly 100-meter tall monument to Peter I (the Great) seen from many points in central Moscow stands on an artificial island. The monument was unveiled in 1997 to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy founded by Peter I. According to some media reports, the author initially sculptured Christopher Columbus and planned to sell the statue to the United States or to Spain. After the deals failed, the city government bought the monument and renamed it. For the best frontal view of the monument, go to Krymsky Bridge, the left side from metro Park Kultury or the right side from metro Oktyabrskaya.

Metro Park Kultury (line 1, red or line 5 brown) or Oktyabrskaya (line 5 brown or line 6, orange.)

m2It is still unknown whether the author sculptured Christopher Columbus or Peter the Great.

The massive grey granite monument in Teatralnaya Square opposite to Bolshoi Theatre portrays Karl Marx, a German philosopher and economist whose theory of the proletarian revolution played a dramatic role in Russia’s history. Far not all Russians share his ideas and think highly of the monument’s aesthetic qualities. A prominent Russian actress nicknamed it “the bearded refrigerator,” while youngsters in 1970-80s called it “the scarecrow”.

Metro Okhotny Ryad (line 1, red,) Teatralnaya (line 2, green) and Ploshchad Revolyutsii (line 3, navy blue.)

Vladimir Lenin, the leader of the Revolution of 1917 and the head of the first Bolshevik's government, is the undisputed champion in terms of the number of plastic images in Moscow, the city hosts about 60 monuments to him. Most of them present Lenin either as an inspirational speaker or as a profound thinker. One of the few statuaries that shows him in everyday life stands on Leninsky Prospekt. He is sitting on a bench next to his wife Nadezhda Krupskaya who is reading the newspaper of which Lenin was an editor, while he must be elaborating the next issue.

82/2 Leninsky Prospekt, metro Prospekt Vernadskogo (line 1, red) and bus 224 to Leninsky Prospekt.

The equestrian statue of Marshal Grigori Zhukov, a prominent Soviet war chief in WW2, stands at the entrance to Red Square from Manezhnaya Square. The marshal’s steed hoofs the Nazi banners while the commander reviews the troops at the Victory Parade in 1945.

Metro Okhotny Ryad (line 1, red,) Teatralnaya (line 2, green) or Ploshchad Revolyutsii (line 3, navy blue.)



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